First let us analyze the structure notice the three one grouping of words and how each single is two syllables and how each triplet is either four or three and that the four's are on the outside of th poem on so much depeneds and beside the white you can think of this as a sort of way of marking the introduction and conclusion. What one must take from this is that it is an imagism and is only meant to intesify the experience as if painting a mental still life, Williams has no intention of metaphor or symbol, though many can be drawn. The introduction pulls us to beg the question what does so much depend on. This is a way of setting the insensity of the piece and creating certain way of looking at the situation, which Williams believes closely aligns with mental experience. Next we can look at the four middle lines or the body, comprised with the three sylable top lines. We notice wheelbarrow and rainwater have been spliced through enjambment in doing this Williams changes our perception once again by compartmentalizing singular objects the wheelbarrow is thought of as three seperate enitties the redness, the wheel, and the barrow, similarly the rainwater becomes rain and water. On the conclusion however Williams toys with us using white chickens in a similar way, however they are seperate words by this juxtaposition he enlightens us to question the formation and composition of words.
There are only for groups shall we call them rather than stanzas as Williams would have been adverse to such a term, writing it off as an old device in forming sonnets and ballads, which he stated were dead and inappicable to the growth of poetry in modern times. The simplicity of this poem is not accidental, but rather speaks to the simplicity of the scene, one can be sure that this must be a simple farm scene consisting of chickens and a wheelbarrow, suggesting that the experience, experience being the overall goal in the portrayal of many of his poems, must have been simple as well. The color choice speaks to this simplicity as well; red and white are not ellaborate color choices they are fairly simple, rather than crimson and ivory. Along with simplicity Williams' color choice intesifies the mental image and experience of the poem, when one thinks simply of red one thinks of pure red and likewise pure white, hightening ones senses. The last notable diction choice is the word glazed, which creates intensity as it suggests a spritzing of light upon the entire poem and by extension our mind becomes glazed as well.
This poem is far more of a neo-aestheticism rather than neo-symbolism, one can think of this as a realism poem though there are very few and it doesn't quite fit the catagory. The Red Wheelbarrow speaks to morals, values, ideologies and ideas in a diffrent light, through structure, emphasis, and diction rather than metaphor and symbol. This is the ideal of the poem and William Carlos Williams; to create something new and diffrent he created moments, word paintings, experiences, he created Imagisms.